Wenkel(Rotary Engine)

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Wenkel(Rotary Engine)

Post by MrFamilia on Sat Sep 24, 2011 2:23 am




The Wankel engine is a type of internal combustion engine using an eccentric rotary design to convert pressure into a rotating motion instead of using reciprocating pistons. Its four-stroke cycle takes place in a space between the inside of an oval-like epitrochoid-shaped housing and a rotor that is similar in shape to a Reuleaux triangle but with sides that are somewhat flatter. The very compact Wankel engine delivers smooth high-rpm power. It is commonly called a rotary engine, though this name applies also to other completely different designs. It is the only internal combustion engine invented in the twentieth century to go into production.

The engine was invented by German engineer Felix Wankel. He received his first patent for the engine in 1929, began development in the early 1950s at NSU, completing a working prototype in 1957. NSU then licensed the concept to companies around the world, which have continued to improve the design.

Thanks to their compact design, Wankel rotary engines have been installed in a variety of vehicles and devices including automobiles, motorcycles, racers, aircraft, go-karts, jet skis, snowmobiles chain saws, and auxiliary power units. Perhaps the greatest exponent of the Wankel engine has been the Japanese company Mazda.

Mazda and NSU signed a study contract to develop the Wankel engine in 1961 and competed to bring the first Wankel powered automobile to market. Although Mazda produced an experimental Wankel that year, NSU was first with a Wankel automobile on sale, the sporty NSU Spider in 1964; Mazda countered with a display of two and four rotor Wankel engines at that year's Tokyo Motor Show.[1] In 1967, NSU began production of a Wankel engined luxury car, the Ro 80.[6] However, problems with apex seal wear led to frequent engine failure, which led to large warranty costs for NSU, and curtailed further Wankel engine development.


Mazda, however, claimed to have solved the apex seal problem, and was able to run test engines at high speed for 300 hours without failure.[1] After years of development, Mazda's first Wankel engine car was the 1967 Cosmo 110S. The company followed with a number of Wankel ("rotary" in the company's terminology) vehicles, including a bus and a pickup truck. Customers often cited the cars' smoothness of operation. However, Mazda chose a method to comply with hydrocarbon emission standards that, while less expensive to produce, increased fuel consumption, just before a sharp rise in fuel prices. Mazda later abandoned the Wankel in most of their automotive designs, but continued using it in their RX-7 sports car until August 2002 (RX-7 importation for Canada ceased with only the 1993 year being sold. The USA ended with the 1994 model year with remaining unsold stock being carried over as the '1995' year.). The company normally used two-rotor designs, but the 1991 Eunos Cosmo used a twin-turbo three-rotor engine. In 2003, Mazda introduced the Renesis engine with the RX-8. The Renesis engine relocated the ports for exhaust and intake from the periphery of the rotary housing to the sides, allowing for larger overall ports, better airflow, and further power gains. Early Wankel engines had also side intake and exhaust ports, but the concept was abandoned because of carbon buildup in ports and side of rotor. The Renesis engine solved the problem by using a keystone scraper side seal.The Renesis is capable of delivering 238 hp (177 kW) with better fuel economy, reliability, and environmental friendliness than previous Mazda rotary engines,all from a nominal 1.3 L displacement.






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Re: Wenkel(Rotary Engine)

Post by jdm addmin on Sat Sep 24, 2011 6:42 am

I believe this is dead now, no?

I read somewhere a while back that the Rotary Witch craft was no more?

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Re: Wenkel(Rotary Engine)

Post by MrFamilia on Sat Sep 24, 2011 6:47 am

The RX-8 is dead! Not sure bout rotary in general ..

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Re: Wenkel(Rotary Engine)

Post by jdm addmin on Sat Sep 24, 2011 6:50 am

Ah! No loss so, was never a fan of the Rx8! Nice cars but just not for me! Although I did like Mike Whiddets (spelling) one that he used in Formula D!

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Re: Wenkel(Rotary Engine)

Post by dec106 on Sat Sep 24, 2011 10:00 am

^^^^ the rx8 was ok but his rx7 is un fuppin real lol

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Re: Wenkel(Rotary Engine)

Post by jdm addmin on Sun Sep 25, 2011 1:57 am

Oh lad! The Rx7 is something else!

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